Heaven and Hell

The Bible doesn’t tell us everything we would like to know about death and what it’s like beyond the grave.   But it tells us enough about it that we want to prepare for it.

The account of the rich man and Lazarus in   Luke 16:19-31
Luke 16:19-31
The Rich Man and Lazarus
19 “There was a certain rich man who was clothed in purple and fine linen and fared sumptuously every day.
20 But there was a certain beggar named Lazarus, full of sores, who was laid at his gate,
21 desiring to be fed with the crumbs which fell[a] from the rich man’s table. Moreover the dogs came and licked his sores.
22 So it was that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels to Abraham’s bosom. The rich man also died and was buried.
23 And being in torments in Hades, he lifted up his eyes and saw Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.
24 “Then he cried and said, ‘Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus that he may dip the tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame.’
25 But Abraham said, ‘Son, remember that in your lifetime you received your good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things; but now he is comforted and you are tormented.
26 And besides all this, between us and you there is a great gulf fixed, so that those who want to pass from here to you cannot, nor can those from there pass to us.’
27 “Then he said, ‘I beg you therefore, father, that you would send him to my father’s house,
28 for I have five brothers, that he may testify to them, lest they also come to this place of torment.’
29 Abraham said to him, ‘They have Moses and the prophets; let them hear them.’
30 And he said, ‘No, father Abraham; but if one goes to them from the dead, they will repent.’
31 But he said to him, ‘If they do not hear Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded though one rise from the dead.’”

  gives ample information about life after death.  Though many do not believe it and attempt to make it meaningless, Jesus told it to be true, and since He does not lie   (Titus 1:2)
(Titus 1:2)
in the hope of eternal life, which God, who does not lie, promised before the beginning of time,

  we better believe it!

At death, the soul separates from the body and goes to hades (sheol).  Hades is not the same as hell.    It is the temporary waiting place of all the dead, whether good or bad.   It is the unseen world of departed spirits, the spirit world.  Both the rich man and Lazarus are there now, as are all those who have died    (Luke 16:27-31)
Luke 16:27-31
27 “Then he said, ‘I beg you therefore, father, that you would send him to my father’s house,
28 for I have five brothers, that he may testify to them, lest they also come to this place of torment.’
29 Abraham said to him, ‘They have Moses and the prophets; let them hear them.’
30 And he said, ‘No, father Abraham; but if one goes to them from the dead, they will repent.’
31 But he said to him, ‘If they do not hear Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded though one rise from the dead.’”

.

There are two compartments in hades: tartarus and paradise.   The rich man is in torment — tartarus, and Lazarus is in Abraham’s bosom — paradise    (Luke 16:23-25)
Luke 16:23-25
23 And being in torments in Hades, he lifted up his eyes and saw Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.
24 “Then he cried and said, ‘Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus that he may dip the tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame.’
25 But Abraham said, ‘Son, remember that in your lifetime you received your good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things; but now he is comforted and you are tormented.

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Tartarus is the place where the wicked are held.  The word hell in   2 Peter 2:4
2 Peter 2:4
For if God did not spare the angels who sinned, but cast them down to hell and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved for judgment;

  is the Greek word tartarus.  It means, an abyss, dungeon, prison house.   It is not the word that designates the final punishment of the wicked.   That word is gehenna and means hell   (Matthew 10:28)
Matthew 10:28
And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. But rather fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.

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Paradise is the place where the righteous are held.  It was to this place that Jesus went after His death   (Luke 23:43)
Luke 23:43
And Jesus said to him, “Assuredly, I say to you, today you will be with Me in Paradise.”

.   It is not the same as heaven where God is, because even after the resurrection, Jesus had not yet ascended to heaven   (John. 20:17)
John. 20:17
Jesus said to her, “Do not cling to Me, for I have not yet ascended to My Father; but go to My brethren and say to them, ‘I am ascending to My Father and your Father, and to My God and your God.’”

.

Hades, then, is the place where all men go when they die to await the final judgment    (John 5:28-29
John 5:28-29
28 Do not marvel at this; for the hour is coming in which all who are in the graves will hear His voice
29 and come forth—those who have done good, to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of condemnation.

   2 Corinthians 5:10)
2 Corinthians 5:10
For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, that each one may receive the things done in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad.

.   The destiny of those who go there is fixed!  There is no other chance!  It is not possible for Lazarus or the rich man to cross over to the other side   (Luke 16:26)
Luke 16:26
And besides all this, between us and you there is a great gulf fixed, so that those who want to pass from here to you cannot, nor can those from there pass to us.’

.   If you awake in tartarus, your final end is the eternal fire of hell.   No one in tartarus is happy.   There is pain, torment, and anguish.   The only way to escape it is to prepare now to go to paradise.

Repent and be baptized for the forgiveness of your sins   (Acts 2:38)
Acts 2:38
Then Peter said to them, “Repent, and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.

.   Continue to grow in the grace and knowledge of Christ   (2 Peter 3:18)
2 Peter 3:18
but grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.  To Him be the glory both now and forever. Amen.

.   There’s no other way but the Lord’s way.  Do you believe it?  If so, then you must obey.

Word summary:

    Hades and Sheol have the same meaning
    Hades is a Greek word used in the New Testament, Sheol is a Hebrew word used in the Old Testament
        Paradise is also described as Abraham’s bosom
       Tartarus is also described as torment
    Hell is also described as gehenna

heaven_hell.gif

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